09 Jun: Mayor de Lille: EoP recommends all SA citizens to use Bokashi Bucket Humanure Toilet system

* Capetown Mayor Patricia de Lille, Mr Isaac Mangena SA Human Rights Comm.
* 09 Jun: RE: TYGAE Party Leadership uses, and recommends all SA citizens to use Bokashi Bucket Humanure Toilet system [PDF].
» 10 Jun: Capetown Police: Re (i) DA-ANCYL/SAHRC Poo Attacks: TYGAE uses Bucket Bokashi-Humanure Toilet System; (ii) SA citizens can ‘Walk our Talk of Supporting Our Police to lessen scarcity induced crime’; by lowering our Ecological footprint and Procreation Factor.
* Tygae: EoP Leg Sub: LJ v Pd Lille, State v LJ, LJ v State / EoP v WiP Neg.

09 June 2013

Mayor Patricia de Lille
Private Bag X9181
Cape Town, 8001
Tel: +27 021 400 1300/01
E-mail: mayor.mayor@capetown.gov.za
Mr Isaac Mangena
SA Human Rights Comm.
Comm. Coord.
Tel: 011 877 3603
E: imangena@sahrc.org.za

Mayor de Lille & SA Human Rights Comm

RE: TYGAE Party Leadership uses, and recommends all SA citizens to use, Bokashi Bucket Humanure Toilet system.

Invitation to Capetown municipality and Capetown citizens, interested in root cause problem solving your toilet dispute.  (City Press: Rights Commission to meet De Lille about ANCYL poo wars with City of Capetown.)

Human waste Cycle: Sustainable Intact & Unsustainable Broken

I personally use a Bokashi Bucket Humanure Toilet system, for my bodily waste process materials. Bokashi is a fermenting process used in Japan to ferment all organic waste. I collect and ferment my personal ‘manure’ waste, along with all other organic waste generated from our home, including the dog’s manure, for two weeks in the bokashi mixture. I then mix it into my compost pile.

Bokashi is very simple and easy to make, the ingredients are sawdust cultured for 4 weeks in effective microorganisms (Recipe) and then dried. Contact me for more info, if interested.

Collecting Humanure Vegetable/Food Matter+  Bokashi for Composting:

You can compost any organic product with bokashi: left over meat, dairy, fruit, vegetables, cheese, dog manure, human manure, etc.

There are no nasty smells, my bokashi bucket stands in my bathroom, although you do need a tight fitting lid, because bokashi organisms prefer to work in a low anaerobic environment. No bugs, minimal greenhouse gases, just organic biologically active, slow release compost easily and quickly.

When your bucket is full, you let it ferment in the shade for two weeks. Once fermented

Discarding Fermented Bokashi:

If bokashi contains human or dog or other manure: Bokashi is mixed into a compost heap in your garden and allowed to cure the pathogens, for a year.

If bokashi is simply food/vegetable matter: You can dig a hole, 10cm deep, dump the bokashi therein, put soil back on top, and plant veggies or flowers in the soil, which now contains lots of nutrients.

Bokashi composting is a safe, convenient, and quick way to compost food, huma and animal waste in your kitchen, garage, or apartment. Bokashi means fermented organic matter in Japanese. Bokashi composting uses a selected group of microorganisms to anaerobically ferment organic waste. The microorganisms are applied using a impregnation carrier such as sawdust. The fermentation process breaks the organic matter down in a process that is odor free. Since the process is done in a closed system you don’t have to worry about insects and smells making it ideal for urban or business settings. Unlike more conventional composting systems bokashi systems can break down heavier items like meat, fish and cheese. The process is very fast and usually takes less than two weeks. The finished product will have a sweet, pickled odor and you will often see white mold mycelium coating the surface. Once the fermentation has completed you can add the scraps to your compost pile, a worm bin or bury them directly in the soil. They will take anywhere from 2 to 4 weeks to fully integrate into the soil depending upon your local soil biological activity and local climate. If you don’t have an area to trench, no problem, you can convert bokashi pre-compost into a usable potting soil.

When sent to landfill not only does food waste build a pathogenic smelly mess, it produces 330kg of CO2e emissions per tonne. While also attracting vermin, polluting nearby water sources and becomes an environmental hazard for nearby communities and informal waste recyclers.

Why Bokashi?:

It is versatile.  You can compost all of your kitchen wastes including dairy, meat, and  baked goods.  Why throw any of that away? | No strong putrid odors.  | No insects or rodents. | No nutrients are lost.  Everything is contained within the system. | Minimal greenhouse gases are produced. | The bokashi process is compact.  No need for a yard or large compost piles. | No turning necessary.

No need to worry about green to brown ratios. | The scraps are inoculated with beneficial microorganisms. | Worms great in conjunction with vermiculture. | It is easy.  Even a child could do it. | Great for school projects.

More Reasons to Use Bokashi Humanure Toilets:

Each time you flush your toilet, a huge amount of nutrients is lost, along with fresh drinking water, only to become pollution for precious natural waterways. You can avoid all of this by managing an effective human waste composting operation, and the end product is a rich and safe fertilizer for the plants in your garden.

About Human Waste:

Human waste (affectionately known as ‘humanure’) is a resource that is overlooked. Our feces and urine combined contain enough nutrients to grow all the food we need to survive. Combining human waste with sawdust, kitchen scraps, weeds and prunings in a compost bin can generate enough heat to destroy human pathogens and compost the material, turning it into something new – rich organic fertilizer.

About Human Pathogens:

As humans have existed for thousands of years, certain bacteria, viruses, protozoa and worms have developed alongside us, tailored to suit conditions inside our bodies, where they breed and lay eggs, and make us horribly sick.

It’s interesting to note that they can only get from one person to another through contact with human waste. This means that for thousands of years we have been mismanaging our waste, enough for these human pathogens to develop and survive.

Our current answer to the problem of human pathogens is to flush our waste, along with crystal clean drinking water, into a sewer system, where it mixes with anything and everything that is poured down drains and washed off roads, to a waste treatment facility, where toxic chemicals are mixed with the polluted water to kill off pathogens, and the finished product is pumped into rivers and oceans for aquatic creatures to deal with!

A better answer is for our waste to be collected from our homes and taken to a large-scale composting facility, where the natural activity of bacteria and fungi compost the material, destroying pathogens and creating rich fertilizer. Until such an operation is in place, managing your own human waste composting operation is the most sensible and responsible option, and it’s just as effective.

How to Make a Humanure Toilet (Composting Toilet):

A humanure toilet is a receptacle designed only to collect human waste in buckets for composting later. Human waste is not composted in the buckets, only collected and stored. There are many examples of unique designs for humanure toilets, and one can usually be made using scrap materials you already have. The size of your buckets will determine the dimensions of your toilet. It’s important that your buckets are all the same size, and preferably a popular size so you can easily get more if you need to.

How to Construct a Humanure Toilet

A simple box can be constructed, large enough to accommodate one of your buckets, with a hinged lid that your toilet seat can be fixed to.

A hole must be cut in the lid which matches the diameter of the top rim of your buckets, so that the rim can fit inside the hole nicely.

The height of the toilet should be such that on level ground, your bucket will stick up through the hole in the lid.

The toilet seat should be fitted so that it sits nicely over the hole. There should be no opportunity for urine to get between the bucket and the toilet and escape the system.

How to Use a Humanure Toilet (Composting Toilet):

A humanure toilet is used in the same way as a regular toilet – all human waste and toilet paper is collected in the bucket. However, instead of flushing when you finish, a scoop of sawdust is thrown in to cover the waste. It’s a simple habit to get into, and odorless if you use a correct amount of sawdust.

The bokashi sawdust has two functions. It covers the waste, blocking odors, it brings to the mix a high carbon component and the bokashi microorganisms who feed on and ferment the urine, feces and toilet paper.

When a bucket is almost full, the lid of the humanure toilet is lifted, the lid of the bucket is secured, and the bucket is replaced with an empty one.  The bokashi humanure is allowed to ferment for two weeks in the shade. Humanure bokashi must be composted and allowed to cure for a year in a compost heap, but organic food which has been bokashi fermented can be dug into the garden, below 10cm of soil and veggies grown on top.

Dated at George, South Africa: 10 June 2013

Lara Johnstone
TYGAE: Yshmael Guerrylla Law Party
Founder: CommonSism: Common Sense Laws for a Sustainable Commons
Founder: Æquilibriæx Jurisprudence: Equal & Balanced Eco/Anthropocentric Law.